Wednesday, August 07, 2019

Disaster Prevention

Disaster Prevention is compulsory for everyone to know Because disaster Prevention information can help you in the disaster-affected areas. In areas with disasters, it is often seen that lack of general information about disaster prevention measure types leads to more damage to life and property. Accidental disasters such as flood, drought, earthquake, tsunami, cyclone and various types of human accident, etc. Occur from time to time. Therefore, it is essential that people should be aware of disaster prevention measures to face these disasters. 

Disaster Prevention
Disaster Prevention

What is a disaster? 

Incidental events that occur due to natural or human causes that cause large amounts of loss of life and goods are called disasters. In other words, disaster is the effect of nature or human-caused risk that negatively affects the environment or society.
Disasters are a hindrance to the development of any country because of the damage to infrastructure. Due to the disaster, the pace of development of the country slows down or retreats. Due to the disaster, also natural balance in many areas worsens, resulting in increased capacity and frequency of destruction of disasters. 
Disaster Prevention
Disaster Prevention

Cause of disaster  

Disaster is not a new phenomenon. There have been various types of disasters on the earth since ancient times, but the influence and frequency of the former were less than the present. Increasing population, urbanization, controlled Exploitation of resources and tampering with nature have been the main causes of disasters today as well as their effects have increased. By the way, there are various types of calamities (flood, drought, earthquake, tsunami, cyclones, etc.) on the surface. The reasons for which are also different, such as floods are due to excessive rainfall, forest destruction, breakage of dams, etc. Similarly, earthquakes, volcanoes, and tsunamis are the movements caused by the internal movement of the earth. Apart from these, some disasters like a nuclear disaster, chemical disaster terrorism, and road accident are the causes of unintentional mistakes made by humans.
Disaster Prevention
Disaster Prevention

Types of disasters 

Disasters can be divided into two classes based on the sources of origin -

1. Natural Disaster -

This is a natural disaster This is due to atmospheric and geological phenomena. Floods, droughts, cyclones, hail disaster (atmospheric) and landslides, volcanoes, earthquakes, tsunamis, etc. (geological)  have been included in natural disasters

2. Man-made Disaster -

The causes of these kinds of disasters are human activities. Chemical disaster, nuclear disaster, fire-related, air, rail, road accident, terrorism, bomb blasts, etc. have been included in human-borne disasters.

disaster prevention 

Different types of disasters affect human beings in one way or the other. Disaster should be small and big money is lost on their arrival. Therefore, it is mandatory for affected areas to take measures to prevent disasters. The purpose of disaster prevention is to save lives, prevent or reduce environmental damage and economic losses. A disaster is a sudden event that can not be stopped altogether but the effects of disasters can be reduced. But there are some human disasters (such as terrorism, road accidents, bombings, etc.) that can be prevented. Disaster management is needed to reduce the effects of disasters. 
Disaster Prevention
Disaster Prevention

                Disaster management is a planned process that includes disaster preparedness, Contraception, prevention, relief work, recovery, rehabilitation, leadership, etc. There are three stages of disaster management -
  1. Preparation before disaster 

  • Disaster preparedness 
  • Prevention 
  • Contraception 
  1. Preparation at disaster time 

  • Local people's cooperation
  • Support for NGO or Voluntary Organizations
  • Supplies of essential commodities
  • Transporting calamities to safe places or camps. 
  1. Preparations after the disaster 

  • relief work
  • The recovery
  • Rehabilitation 
Things to keep in mind in disaster management is that different types of disasters require different structural measures. For example, a structure built for hurricanes can be damaged by earthquakes. Therefore, it must first be analyzed which disaster is most likely, frequent and devastating in which area. In addition, the redressal effort also depends on accurate precision estimation. 

              Thus preventive measures for different disasters are also different. For disaster prevention, the following measures should be done by local people, various organizations and government machinery. Because disaster prevention is teamwork, not individual work Therefore, for the prevention of disasters, everyone should work together at their own level.

Role of local people 

  • Disaster prevention training to the people of the affected areas, such as the training of swimming in flood-affected areas. 
  • There should be a group of local skilled people who are effective in times of disasters. 
  • Development of safe places by local people in disaster-affected areas. 
  • In highly affected areas, cattle should not be tied but rope or bamboo enclosure should be kept. 
  • A pond should be arranged in the affected areas which helps in both flood and drought. 
  • In cyclone or tsunami-affected areas, the habitat should be at a distance from the coast and in coastal areas mangrove forests are required to be planted. 
  • Earthquake-resistant houses should be built in earthquake-affected areas. 
  • Knowledge of safe location before the time of the disaster in the earthquake or tsunami-affected areas. Such as school, house and working place.
  • Construction of large buildings should be fire and electricity proof. 
  • There should be a safe stock of certain food items in the affected areas to combat hunger. 

Role of the government machinery 

  • Disaster Early Warning Features. 
  • public awareness. 
  • Immediate supply of relief material.
  • Deployment of National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) in disaster-prone areas. 
  • Strengthen communication system. 
  • First Aid and Health Care for injured.
  • Disaster recovery - Land reform, rehabilitation, employment, etc. 
  • Relief work must be at war level. 
  • River linking should be provided for dry areas

Role of Voluntary Organizations / NGOs 

        The role of voluntary organizations is important in disaster prevention. In times of disasters, various organizations should do relief work at their own level such as - rescue work, delivery of relief materials, etc. And this is also done. Need more cooperation to increase their morale.
Disaster Prevention
Disaster Prevention
        Thus, the effects of a disaster can be reduced by formulating a proper plan by the above-mentioned measures. Also, some human causes can be prevented by making them aware and trained.
              Disasters are, of course, a big crisis, but in many cases disaster can be a major development program. The political impact of damage can inspire change.

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Wednesday, July 24, 2019

BPSC Exam Pattern

Bpsc exam patterns are not different from other states PSC exam patterns or UPSC exam patterns. The bpsc exam pattern for Bihar administration can not be considered as simple, Because like other states, BPSC (Bihar Public Service Commission) also organizes the Civil Services Examination in many phases. But, the syllabus of Bpsc is different in comparison to other states. BPSC conducts Civil Services Examination in three stages, in the form of Preliminary Examination (PT), Main Examination and Interview respectively. Whose information is detailed below. 
BPSC Exam Pattern
BPSC Exam Pattern

PT Exam
Main Exam 
One Paper

150 Questions

Objective Type

Each Q. 1 Mark

Time 2 hours 

Pen-Paper Mode
Four Papers 

Paper 1 is Hindi (Qualifying) 

All are Descriptive types. 
Paper 2 GS
Paper 3 GS
Paper 4  Optional 

900 Marks. Each Paper  300 mark

Time 3 hours for each paper. 

Pen-Paper Mode
Personality and skill test

120 Marks

Oral test 

Medical Tests

Documents Verification

Prelim Examination 

This is the first phase examination which is commonly known as a PT exam. This is just a screening test. The score obtained in the PT exam does not contribute to the final selection. But it is compulsory to pass this examination. This examination is for two hours in which 150 Objective type questions related to general studies are asked. To pass this examination, the minimum cut-off category wise is different, but your result is on cut-off determined by the Commission.

Minimum Cut-off category wise 

General             - 40%
BC                     - 36.5%
EBC                   - 34%
SC/ST/Female   - 32%

Which section asks questions in the PT exam? 

In the PT exam conducted by Bpsc, questions are asked from various sections of General Studies. There is no fixed number of questions asked in each section if there are more questions than a section, few questions are asked less than a section. All the sections asked here and the number of almost scheduled questions are given below in box.
No. Of Q.
History of Bihar and India                       
45 - 50Q
Geography of Bihar, India and the World 
Political Science / Indian Constitution
Indian Economy
Current Affairs
Maths & Reasoning
Regional & Miscellaneous                       

 Mains Examination 

 After passing the preliminary exam, there is a chance to get involved in the main exam. This second phase examination is of 900 marks. This examination consists of 4 papers Descriptive type written an exam. For each paper, the time of 3 hours has been determined. The first paper is of Hindi. It is compulsory to bring pass marks. 100 points are set for Hindi. Marks of this paper are not added to make your merit.

               The second paper is GS-I. It is of 300 marks, for which there is a time of three hours fixed. This paper contains questions for general studies. 
                   The third paper is GS-II. It is for 300 marks, it is also scheduled for 3 hours. In this paper, general questions are asked and statistic questions are asked. 

                      The fourth paper is the optional paper, which is to be selected according to its interest, from 37 subjects (for subjects list you can visit below Bpsc syllabus link)  as determined by Bpsc. This paper also has 300 marks and three hours time. 
             In this way, mainly on the basis of scores in three Papers (900 marks), students receiving more number are selected for an interview. 


     According to Bpsc exam pattern interview is the last phase of Bpsc civil service exam. Candidates selected in the main examination are called for an interview. The objective of this examination is to examine the personality test and skill of the candidates. There are 120 Marks for this. Your documents verification and medical tests are done on the same day before the interview begins.

BPSC PT, MAINS Syllabus (Hindi & English) 

Thus Bpsc exam pattern is of three steps. Examinations of PT, Mains and Interview are held. In this, the final selection of candidates is based on the score of the last two phases. On the basis of marks, the candidates are selected on various posts by determining the rank

Note - The medium of examination is both Hindi and English. You can choose according to your choice.

Saturday, July 20, 2019

SSC CGL Syllabus - On new pattern

Ssc cgl syllabus helps you make better preparation of the CGL exam. If you are devoted to the SSC CGL exam then you must understand the SSC CGL Syllabus very well. When you understand its syllabus well, it may be easier for you to prepare for the SSC. SSC CGL exams are taken in four phases (Tier-I, II, III, IV), conducted by SSC, conducted for the first two stages of examination online, whereas the third phase examination is written. Which is from the offline pen-paper mode. The fourth stage of the examination is to be given to those candidates who were listed for those posts in Tier-I or who applied for this post, In which additional qualifications such as computational efficiency, data entry, etc. were expected. The syllabus of all these stages is different, details of which are given below.
SSC CGL Syllabus - On new pattern

SSC CGL Syllabus: Tier - I 

Tier-I is the first stage of the examination which is mandatory for all posts. In this phase, 100 Objective types of questions are asked from the following four sections. There are 50 marks for every section. (Section-wise pass is not mandatory.) This test occurs in online mode, for which 1 hour is scheduled. 

S. N.
No.Of Q.
General awareness 
General Intelligence & Reasoning 
Quantitative Aptitude 
English Comprehension

SSC CGL Syllabus: Tier - II

After passing the Tier-I examination, get the chance to join the Tier-II exam. These exams are also of the objective type which is online mode. There are four papers in this examination, but not everyone has to be involved in four papers. Paper - I and II are compulsory for everyone, While PAPER-III and IV are some selected posts such as Statistical Investigators Grade-II and Compiler, AAO posts are only mandatory. In these four papers, the objective questions related to different subjects are asked. The details of which are given below.

No. Of Q. 
Quantitative Abilities 
English Language and Comprehension 
General Studies 
(Finance & Economics) 

Note - The time durations for each paper is two hours. And Penalty for wrong Answers, for paper - I, III, and IV are 0.5 Marks, While 0.25 Negative marks are applying for paper II.

You can also know - 
BPSC  Syllabus and Important topics See Here

How to pass Railway NTPC Exam See Here

SSC CGL Syllabus: Tier - III

This is an offline pen-paper mode Descriptive exam. Successful candidates in Tier-II are included in this. The main purpose of this examination is to test candidates for writing skills in English / Hindi. This examination is of 100 marks, for which 1 hour is scheduled. In this paper, essays, precis, letters, applications, etc. are asked by the students, in which it is mandatory for candidates to get pass marks.

SSC CGL Syllabus: Tier - IV

Tier - IV examination is mandatory for all students who have applied for especially TA, CSS, MEA and Inspector posts Or students who were shortlisted for these posts in Tier-I. Computer Skills is examined in this stage exam which is divided into two separate parts. 

DEST (Data Entry Speed Test) - Under this examination, SSC takes typing speed test from those students who have been elected to assist posts. in this test, candidates are required to type 2000 words in 15 minutes on the Computer. Candidates are given an article for this.

CPT (Computer Proficiency Test) - This computer test is mandatory for posts of CSS, MEA, and Inspectors, in which the Word Processing, Spreadsheets, and Generates of Slides are essentially asked by the students. That is, it is mandatory for the Candidates to have knowledge of MS Office on the computer.

Note- Extra time is given for PH / PWD candidates in all phase exams.

Topics for SSC CGL Tier - I & II

Here are some important topics for SSC CGL Tier - I & II exams. All the subjects are given section wise according to SSC CGL Syllabus, which are asked questions in the examination of both phases. Topics of Tier I and Tier II are almost identical, but for Tier II some topics are different. Details of which are given below - 

SSC CGL Syllabus Tier - I

Section: 1 General Awareness
General awareness will have questions on national and international current events also questions from history, geography, economics, science, culture, general policies, sports, books and author, scientific research is asked scientific research includes physics, chemistry, and biology. current affair of last 6 months is asked.

Section: 2  English Comprehension
Idioms and phrases, fill in the blanks, jumbled sentences for ordering, one-word substitution, Synonyms, Antonyms, spelling/detecting, Mis-spelt words, common errors, sentence improvement, Passage, and cloze test are important topics for this section.

Section: 3 General Intelligence & Reasoning

The main purpose of this part is to know the problem-solving skills of students. Generally, in this section Verbal and Non-Verbal reasonings related questions are asked. In which the following topics are important which are given below - 
Analogy, coding-decoding, puzzle, matrix, word formation, classification, Venn diagram, direction and distance, syllogism, blood relation, number series, etc.

Section: 4 Quantitative Aptitude

This section is specially related to Mathematics. In this section- Average, interest, percentage, simplification, ratio and preparation, problem on age, speed, distance and time, number system, mensuration, data interpretation, time and work, algebra, trigonometry, and geometry are important topics.

SSC CGL Syllabus Tier -II

Tier-II Syllabus is almost the same as the syllabus of Tier-I, but in some sections, some different topics are covered, whose details are available below. As mentioned above, there are four papers in Tier-II exam. Here the four papers are sealed separately.

Important Topics
Paper: I
Quantitative Abilities
Same as mentioned Tier - I topics.

Paper: II
English Language and Comprehension
Same as Tier - I topics + Active and Passive, Cloze test.

Paper: III

Collection classification and presentation of statistical data,
Measures of Central tendency,
The measure of dispersion- common measures dispersion,
Moments, Skewness and Kurtosis, Correlation and regression, Probability theory,
Random variable and probability distributions,
Sampling theory, Statistical Inference, Analysis of variance, Index numbers.
Paper: IV
General Studies 
(Finance & Economics)
Finance and Accounts, Economics and Governance.

👉 Know Here- Government jobs in India.

           The last and final stage of SSC CGL is documenting verification. For the final selection of candidates, it is necessary to verify all those documents which were mentioned at the time of filling the form.

Especially for your Dreams
If you are fully devoted to this exam. You should study the question bank related to the CGL exam and see which topics are asked the most questions. After this, note all those topics and study them intensely. Along with that, you should make Syllabus a strategy and study and always give a mock test. Study only some specially selected books. 

              You can ask by comments for information about any government job exam. And if this post is helpful to you, then share and comment.