Friday, May 24, 2019

Mahatma Gandhi|History of Mahatma Gandhi|Mahatma Gandhi Biography

Mahatma Gandhi And His History 1869-1948

Mahatma Gandhi|History of Mahatma Gandhi|Mahatma Gandhi Biograohy
Mahatma Gandhi Full Name - "Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi", commonly known as Bapu He is also called Mahatma by respect. This title was given to Mahatma Gandhi by Rabindranath Tagore during the Champaran Satyagraha. Mahatma Gandhi has been honored as the Father of the Nation of India. Mahatma Gandhi was first addressed by Subhash Chandra Bose as the patron of the nation. Mahatma Gandhi was a prominent leader of the Indian independence movement along with a prominent political and spiritual leader of India.
                      Mahatma Gandhi gained international fame for his non-violent protest theory to achieve political and social progress and Gandhi is not just a name at present, Rather, there is a symbol of peace and non-violence for the world.
Biography Of Mahatma Gandhi

Mahatma Gandhi was born on 2nd October 1869 in Porbandar, Gujarat (India). Porbandar was also known as Sudapapuri at that time. Gandhi's father 'Karamchand Gandhi' was the dewan (chief) of Rajkot, And his mother was 'Putlibai' which was more religiously inspired. The upbringing of Mahatma Gandhi coincided with Jain tolerance, mutual tolerance, compassion towards creatures and vegetarianism. At the age of 13, Gandhi married in 1883, according to the Indian Hindu ritual from Kasturba Makhanji, at that time Kasturba was only about 13 years of age.

Education Of Mahatma Gandhi                                                

Mahatma Gandhi|History of Mahatma Gandhi|Mahatma Gandhi Biograohy
Born in a privileged family, Gandhi was lucky to receive a comprehensive education but proved to be a mediocre student. In May 1883, he was admitted to Samaldas College at Bombay University and completed his studies, but he was not happy because this study was done by following the wishes of his parents.
                After this, at the age of 18, in 1888, England went to study law from Bombay, determined to follow Hindu principles, which included alcohol and sexual abstinence along with vegetarianism. In such a situation, it was difficult for them, but gradually their interest grew in the philosophical studies of other religions. In 1991, they received a Barrister degree and returned to India the same year.
                After returning to India, he started the practice in Bombay first in 1892. The first trial in the case of Gandhi in the Khalifa Movement of Bombay, a poor woman named Mumibai was found, Gandhi Ji lost the trial. Later, he started advocating Rajkot, got Abdullah and Company's lawsuit which went to South Africa in 1893 for lobbying.

Mahatma Gandhi and South Africa Conflict
When Mahatma Gandhi arrived in Africa, he found it difficult to work here. Gandhiji was very upset with the persecution of Indians by the British here. Mahatma Gandhi decided to improve the condition of Indians there and accepted a one-year contract to work for an Indian firm in the province of Natal of South Africa. Although this was not inherent in the law, the system of 'apartheid' in South Africa was very extreme at the turn of the 20th century.
                Despite reaching the one-year contract, Gandhi spent the next 21 years in South Africa and fought against the injustice of racial segregation. Despite being in possession of a legitimate ticket, he was dropped from the first class train on one occasion. The witness of racial prejudice experienced by his countrymen served as a catalyst for his subsequent activation, and he tried to fight separation at all levels. He established the Natal Indian Congress in 1894 to run a movement against black law in South Africa and non-violent civilians developed their ideological beliefs in a solid political stance and they protested against non-cooperation among all Indians within South Africa.
        Gandhi Ji first used the Satyagraha in 1906 to protest the Parvana law (Dong's collar) in Africa and succeeded in obtaining some facilities for the Indians. In this context, "Gopal Krishna Gokhale" (who was a political guru of Gandhi Ji) wrote that
        "The security of the rights of Indians in South Africa, of course, started without Gandhi. Without any selfishness, they did a great fight for India, for which India is very grateful to them."
                  Mahatma Gandhi had to go to jail in 1908 due to opposition to color discrimination. Here he got the first experience of prison life. In 1909, Tolstoy wrote a letter telling about the atrocities on Indians and local people. This year, he went to England with a special board. During his return from England, he wrote a book called "Hind Swaraj" on the ship itself.
Indian freedom struggle and Mahatma Gandhi
There was a struggle against the atrocities committed by the British in the Indian freedom struggle, India, whose real origin is believed to be from the Revolution of 1857. After the long struggle of 55 years, Mahatma Gandhi's entry took place in the early 20th century, after which this period was known from the Gandhi era.
         In January 1915 Gandhi returned to India from South Africa. The Indian public welcomed them very warmly. His struggles and successes in South Africa made him very popular in India. After returning, for nearly two years, witnessed the real situation here, visited the country and continued to work for making Sabarmati Ashram in Ahmedabad and settling its supporters. Gandhi's view was that no issue should have interfered unless the whole situation was studied. At this time the Homerul movement in India was at Zoro, but they did not show active participation due to Gandhi's idea. Later he saw his active participation in the Indian Independence Movement and became the Chief Strategist of Indians to liberate India from the British. Based on the principles of truth and non-violence, they chose the path of winning Satyagraha. Gandhiji started the Champaran Satyagrah in 1917 as the first Satyagraha movement in India and won the victory.
movement by Gandhi Ji in India
                                                   
Mahatma Gandhi|History of Mahatma Gandhi|Mahatma Gandhi Biograohy

  • Champaran Satyagraha 1917 (against Neil Farming in Bihar)
  • Ahmedabad Mill Workers Movement 1918 (By taking plague bonuses)
  • Kheda Movement, Gujarat 1918 (for tax forgiveness of farmers)
  • Khilafat and Non-Cooperation Movement 1920-22 (Non-cooperation between Hindu-Muslim unity and British)
  • Chauri - Chaura Kand 1922
  • Dandi travel (to break salt law) 1930
  • Civil Disobedience Movement 1930 (11 About point demands)
  • Personal Satyagraha 1940 (First Satyagrahi Vinoba Bhave Became)
  • Noakhali Yatra (Hindu-Muslim block to stop communal riots)
  • Quit India Movement 1942 (Gandhi ji gave a slogan of do or die.
Journals and books are written by Gandhi Ji


  • Appeal to Avery Britain in South   Africa and The Indian Franchisee-1895
  • The Green Pamphlet 1896
  • Indian Opinion 1903
  • Guide to Health (Gujarati) 1904
  • Hind Swaraj 1909
  • New Life (Gujarati Monthly Magazine) 1919
  • Young India (English) 1919
  • The Story of My Experiments with Truth 1925
  • Harijan (Hindi and English) 1933
  • My Early Life
  • My Childhood
Gandhi's Contribution and Thoughts


Mahatma Gandhi was a visionary person, who worked in many areas for the creation of India and presented his ideas, In which some important ideas are given below. Today's impressions of their views get noticed on our constitution and society.


Basic Education (Wardha scheme of education) 1937-Mahatma Gandhi was a critic of the immediate education system. He believed that this system neither makes proper arrangements of livelihood nor has the purpose of developing intellectual capacity. In order to overcome this defect, he introduced the "basic education" form, in which free and compulsory education and medium of education are mother tongue for the age group of 7 to 14 years. 

Trusteeship principle of Gandhi- The basic premise of trusteeship is that no person has complete control over his property. Any wealthy person has the right to the property only until he has the trust of society.

Gandhi and Decentralisation -Gandhi Ji were against the centralization of power and wealth in the political and economic sphere. They said that to reduce violence, it has to go towards decentralization. That's why he considered local governance important for decentralization of politics and to promote cottage industries in place of more production by machines for economic decentralization.

Religion and the politics-A key feature of Gandhi Darshan are to believe that politics is religious and spiritual. He had said that politics should be a religion, not politics without religion.

Swadeshi- Swadeshi means the feeling of devotion, love, and devotion to our country. Gandhi Ji believed that by inducing the feeling of devotion towards homeland, the countrymen can be made self-sufficient and self-reliant. Gandhi Ji spread the Swadeshi movement across the country against foreign goods and capital. Gandhiji used to make and wear his khadi cloth from his own handloom.


Mahatma Gandhi|History of Mahatma Gandhi|Mahatma Gandhi Biograohy

Untouchability-The problem of untouchability in various problems in Indian society was also prominent. Gandhi Ji believed that even if the problem of untouchability remains intact in India, Swaraj would also be meaningless for India. He made the word Harijan for such cases and by staying with him, he established Harijan Seva Sangh in 1932 to solve his problem.

Panchayati Raj- Gandhi was a spokesman for decentralization of power and in this context, his ideal village was seen as self-reliant. From the time of independence, Gandhiji was using Gram Swaraj. He wrote about this: "He is a complete republic, who will depend entirely on himself for the essential things of life."

Reservation- Following the failure of the Second Round Table Conference, 1932, the British government declared communal award. This announcement provided for the provision of representation for Muslim, Sikh, Indian Christians and Anglo-Indian communities in provincial legislatures. Women were also given representation. Similarly, Dalits also got separate representations in some areas. Gandhi opposed it and fasted to death. Later, with the Poona Pact, Anshan broke and Dr. Ambedkar withdrew the separate demand of the Dalit classes. All of this believed that there would be a joint representation of Hindu and scheduled caste. Gandhi Ji believed that the Hindu society would be removed from the separate reservation of the Dalit.

Nonviolence- Gandhiji gave non-violence the highest priority in his life and underlined it as the moral and spiritual power of life. In his life, he has given place to nonviolence and defeated imperialist powers.

                  In addition to all the above ideas and principles, Gandhi presented his views in areas such as wine prohibition, peace, environment, etc.
     The words of Mahatma Gandhi have
become a way of not only conveying
words to any person but a principle, a
idea and struggle for their rights and
independence. Gandhiji had two weapons
of truth and non-violence, on which he s
the roots of the English government.
Gandhiji's thoughts, his doctrine, are
obviously relevant even if he is involved
in practically in his life. On 30 January 1948, he died due to the firing of Nathuram Godse in a meeting of Delhi.
           
Mahatma Gandhi|History of Mahatma Gandhi|Mahatma Gandhi Biograohy
To respect their ideals Every year in India, his birthday is celebrated on October 2 as a national holiday.





2 comments: