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Top Most Environmental Questions and Answers pdf for Quiz

Environmental questions are important for all competitive exams and as well as your awareness. When you will carefully watch the previous year's questions papers of any exam, you find that 5 to 10 questions are related to the environment in the paper. 


In such examinations like UPSC, BPSC UPPSC, SSC, Railway, etc, questions related to the environment play a vital role, mostly in general studies sections. 


In this post, you will get 85 Most important Environmental questions and answers. All these questions are repeated again and again in various competitive examinations. You can also download the file with the download link given below.



Environmental Questions and answers
 Environmental Questions

Environmental Questions and answers for all exams and Quizzes


Learn the most important 85 questions which are mainly asked in exams and Environmental Quizzes. As well as you can know about the environmental topics, from which questions are raised in the examinations. The topics are provided below.


SL.No.

                                Questions

Answers

1.

The study of the relationship between the environment and the living community is called.

Ecology

2.

Who has first attempted to study Ecology?

Ernst Hackel

3.

Who has first introduced the word Ecosystem?

A.G. Tansley

4.

In which year the term Ecosystem was used first?

1935

5.

Which are the two components of Ecology?

Biotic and Abiotic

6.

The transitional zone between two Ecosystems is called?

Ecotone

7.

Which are the two parts of the Ecosystem-based on habitat?

Terrestrial and Aquatic

8.

The still freshwater Ecosystem is called?

Lentic

9.

Moving freshwater Ecosystem is called?

Lotic

10.

The functional role of an organism in the Ecosystem is called?

Niche

11.

The biotic components in the ecosystem which make their own food is called?

producer

12.

The sustainable biotic group in the Ecosystem is called?

Ecotone (contagion)

13.

When the number of one species in an area exceeds other communities are called?


Edge Effect

14.

In which region of the world has the most complex Ecosystem?

Equatorial Region

15.

The most stable Ecosystem is?

Ocean

16.

Who has first used the word Biodiversity?

E.A.Nors (1980)

17.

Which is the richest area of  ​​Biodiversity?

Tropical rainforest

18.

Which region is known as the storehouse of Biodiversity?

Tropical rainforest

19.

Which region has the highest productivity in the Aquatic Ecosystem?

Tidal river Region

20.

The low productivity in the deep sea region is called?

Bio Desert

21.

Which area has the largest terrestrial life?

Savanna Region

22.

How many percents of the world is occupied by the savanna region?

24%

23.

Herbivores animals are also called?

Primary consumer

24.

The first nutritional order includes.

Plants


25.

The percentage of energy transformation from one nutritional order to another nutritional order in a food chain.


10%

26.

Who is the Scavenger of Nature?

Decomposer

27.

the region which is prosperous in Biodiversity but the habitat destruction prone area is called?

Hot spot

28.

How many hotspots are recognized in the world?

Nearly 30

29.

How many hotspot regions in India?

4


30


Which region is declared the first hot spot in India?

Western Ghats (Nilgiris region)

31.

An oceanic sensitive zone is called-

Hope spot

32.

Contribution of India in global biodiversity is

8%

33.

In which region of India biodiversity is mostly found?

Silent Valley (Kerala)

34.

Which gas is more responsible for global warming?

Carbon dioxide

35.

Which gases are more responsible for the Greenhouse effect?

CO 2,CH4, N2O,CFC

36.

Which summit is known as the Greenhouse summit?

Kyoto protocol

37.

Montreal agreement is related to?

ozone protection

38.

The ozone layer is situated in?

Stratosphere (20-35Km)

39.

Who has discovered the Ozone hole?

Forman (1985)

40.

Which gas is the main cause of ozone depletion?

CFC

41.

What is the main source of CFC gas? 

Refrigerant

42.

In which region does the ozone hole is maximum expanded?

Over Antarctica.

43.

The Ramasar treaty is related to?

wetlands

protection 

44.

River pollution level is measured?

BOD (Biochemical Oxygen Demand) 

45.

List of endangered creatures and plants is published?

In Red Data Book 

46.

Total organic matter present in an ecosystem is called?

Biomass

47.

Which chemical is responsible for Acid rain?

SO2 & NO2

48.

What should be the intensity of sound permitted regarding the safe noise level for a city?

45db

49.

Where was the Ramasar treaty held?

Iran

50.

Which region is called the lungs of the world?

Amazon Basin

51.

How many Biospheres Reserves in India?

18 

52.

Which one was the first Biosphere Reserve in India?

Nilgiri Biosphere

53.

Which was the first biosphere of India that was included in the UNESCO World Network?

Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve

54.

Which is the latest biosphere reserve of India included by UNESCO in the world network?

Kanchenjunga

55.

How many India's biosphere reserves are included in the UNESCO World network?

11 biosphere reserves of India


56.


Which Indian river is known as the Green Soup?


Yamuna River is called Green soup between Delhi to Agra due to Pollution.

57.

Which River is called Coal carrying river? 

Rhine River

58.

Which country is called Country of Lakes?

Finland


Environmental Questions for quiz


In a student life, we always participate in Quiz contests related to Environment. Such opportunities sometimes come up suddenly and we think hopefully that we could remember some questions related to the environment that could win the front. So here are some environmental questions and answers given below. 



                                  Questions

Answers

59.

In which field is the Global 500 award presented?

To protect the environment


60.


 What do you mean by EcoMark?

Environmental friendly


61.

What is the reason for the yellowness of the Taj Mahal?

Acid rain

62.

Stone cancer is related to?


Taj Mahal Erosion

63.

Where is the Himalayan National Park, declared a World Heritage by UNESCO?

Himachal Pradesh

64.

In which year the Environmental Protection Act was passed in India?

1986

65.

Which international organization publishes Red data books?

IUCN

66.

When the Project Tiger was launched?

1973

67.

Which is the first national park in India?

Jim Corbett National Park

68.

Where is Jim Corbett National Park located?

Uttarakhand

69.

The only national park in India is a wild donkey found?

Gir (Gujarat)

70.

Where is the Nanda Devi Bio-Reserve Area located?

Uttarakhand

71.

Which tree is considered the terrorist of ecology?

Eucalyptus

72.

According to the National Forest Policy, on what percentage of land is it mandatory to have a forest?

33%

73.

According to the National Forest Policy, which physical regions should have more quantity of forests?

Mountainous region

74.

Where is the National Environmental Research Center located?

Nagpur

75.

What causes Minamata disease?

Mercury

76.

Who is India's first biosphere reserve?

Nilgiri Region 1986

77.

International Biodiversity Day is celebrated on which date?

22 May

78.

Which international organization declares the protected areas of the biosphere?

UNESCO


Questions for World Environment Day 


Environment day celebrated around the world. So its related questions are important for any competitive exams or quiz. For the protection and awareness of the environment, commonly the peoples should also know about the Environment day.

No.

                        Questions

Answers

79.

On which date is World Environment Day celebrated?

5 June

80.

When was World Environment Day celebrated for the first time?

5 June 1974

81.

In which conference, June 5 was announced to be celebrated as Environment Day?

Stockholm Conference 

82.

When was the Stockholm conference held?

1972

83.

Where was the first earth summit held?

Rio-de-Janeiro ( Brazil )

84.

When was the first earth summit organized?

1992

85.

When is International Earth Day celebrated?


22 April

Environmental Questions
 Environmental Questions


Important Environmental Topics for Questions

There are several major sectors of environment and ecology from which questions are asked in the exam. Here is a list of some important topics or sectors from which questions are often made in all the exams. You should also read it separately.


1. Ecology

2. Ecosystem

3. Biodiversity 

4. Food chain 

5. Biome 

6. wetlands

7. Biosphere Reserve 

8. Red data book

9. Global warming and GreenHouse  

10. Climate change

11. Ozone degradation

12. Pollution

13. Botanical world/forest

14. Animal world

15. Environmental Protection submit 


Environmental Questions and Answers pdf


All the above environmental questions are most important for the competitive exams or quiz point of view. All the questions given here are selected from various sources with my teaching experience, which is asked somewhere every time.


If you memorize all these environmental questions and answers, I hope that you may be able to solve the environment-related questions in the examinations. If there is any suggestion or question related to this, you may comment in the comment box. 


You may Know Here


Tigers Reserves in India


National Parks in India


Highest Mountain peaks in the world


The Geography of India 


Disaster Prevention



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