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55 Important National Parks in India can help in exams

National parks in India is the most attractive place where so many people visit every year. National parks are also important for students who preparing for competitive examination because some related questions are always asked in their examination.

Primarily in situ conservation methods have been adopted for the wild animal and plant conservation in India. Basically under this, a protected area approach has been adopted. Majorly National Park, wildlife sanctuary, and Biosphere reserves are included in the protected area of India.


National Parks in India
National Parks in India

55 Important National Parks in India can help in exams

Let's start with a brief introduction about National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuary. So you will be able to know clearly what is the difference between National park and wildlife sanctuary.

National Park  

The national park is an area which declared for the purpose of protecting, propagating, or developing wildlife for its environment. In this area, Human Activities like that grazing, forestry, hunting, cultivation, encroachment, distractions of habitat, and other activities are strictly prohibited. Also settlements.
National parks covered under the wildlife Act 1972.  Jim Corbett National Park (Uttrakhand) is the first National Park of India. Its old name is Hailey National Park, which was established in 1936. Jim Corbett is also included in UNESCO World Heritage sites.

Wildlife Sanctuary 


The Sanctuary is also declared for the developing wildlife or its environment,  just like a National Park, but some rules are different. In the wildlife sanctuary, human activities are allowed such as grazing, firewood collection, tourism, etc. 
A sanctuary can be upgraded as a National Park.
There are 543 Wildlife sanctuaries in India.


National Parks in India
National Parks in India

List of Sanctuaries/National Parks in India


In the competitive exams, there are two types of questions that have been asked, the first is locations and second,  which animals especially found them. Here I am providing the most important 55 National parks lists, locations, and related wild species/animals.


S.N
  Name of National
         Parks
  Location
    Important 
       Species

1.

Jim Corbett National Park 🌟

Uttrakhand
Elephant, Tiger, Deer, Bear, 🐻 Cheetah.
2.
Rajaji National Park
Uttrakhand
Tiger, Elephant, Deer

3.

Gir Forest  National Park

Gujarat
🦁 Lion, Leopard,  Wild-Donkey
4.
Blackbuck National Park
Gujarat
Blackbuck 
🦌
5.
Indravati National Park
Chhattisgarh
Tiger πŸ…

6.

Palamu / Betla National Park

Jharkhand
Elephant, 🐘 Deer, Leopard, Pig

7.

Dalma National Park

Jharkhand
πŸ– Pigs, Elephant, Deer, Leopard
8.
Hazaribagh National Park 
Jharkhand
Cheetal, Bear, 🐻 Sambhar 
9.
Dudhwa National Park
Uttar Pradesh
Tiger πŸ…, Leopard, Deer
10.
Chandraprabha National Park
Uttar Pradesh
Bear, Sambhar
11.
Valmiki National Park
Bihar
Tiger πŸ…
12.
Bandipur National Park
Karnataka
Elephant, Leopard, Tiger

13.

Bhadra National Park

Karnataka
Elephant, Tiger, Bear, Leopard πŸ†

14.
Someshwar National Park
Karnataka
Sambhar, πŸ•Wild Dog, Deer
15.
Nagarhole National Park
Karnataka
Tiger, Elephant
16.
Pakhal wildlife sanctuary
Telangana
Tiger, Pig🐷, Bear, Leopard
17.
Kawal wildlife sanctuary
Telangana
Tiger, Chital,
18.
Manas National Park 🌟
Asam
Elephant, Richnocaros
19.
Kaziranga National Park 🌟

Asam
Buffalo, one-horned🦏 Rhinoceros
20.
Orang National Park
Asam
Tiger, Elephant

21.

Ghana Pakshi Vihar (Birdhouse)

Rajasthan
Sambhar, Blackbuck, Siberian Crane πŸ¦…
22.
Ranthambore National Park
Rajasthan
Tiger, Hyena, Lion, Bear, Sambhar
23.
Kumbhalgarh National Park
Rajasthan
Tiger, Nilgai πŸ„

24.

Pench National Park

Maharashtra
Tiger, Chital, Sambhar, Leonard
25.
Tansa National Park
Maharashtra
Leopard, Tiger, Birds 🐦
26.
Borivali National Park
Maharashtra
Baboon πŸ’, Deer, Sambhar
27.
Abohar National Park
Punjab
Black swan πŸ¦†, Deer
28.
Chilka National Park
Odisha
Crane, Crow, Migrant Birds,
29.
Simlipal National Park
Odisha
Tiger, Crocodile 🐊 
30.
Vedanthangal National Park
Tamilnadu
Water Birds
πŸ¦†πŸ¦ƒπŸ₯
31.
Indira Gandhi National Park
Tamilnadu
Tiger, Bear, Baboon, Richh

32.

Mudumalai National Park

Tamilnadu
Elephant 🐘, Leopard, Deer
33.
Dampha National Park
Mizoram
Cobra, Figent, Wild Cat 🐈
34.
Nokrek National Park 🌟
Meghalaya
Elephant
35.
Nogarvilam  National Park
Meghalaya
Elephant, Tiger, Bear 

36.
Keibul Lamjao National Park

Manipur
Wild Got, πŸ¦†Water Birds, Deer 

37.

Pakhui National Park

Arunachal Pradesh
Elephant, Python 🐍 , Sambha
38.
Bhagwan Mahavir National Park
Goa
Porcupine, Deer, Rat🐁
39.
Sundarban National Park 🌟
West Bengal
Tiger, Deer, Crocodile🐊 

40.

Rohila National Park

Himachal Pradesh
Musk deer, Mountain Cock, Brown Bear 🐻,
41.
Sultanpur Lake National Park
Haryana
Deer, Water Birds
42.
Kanha kisli National Park
Madhya Pradesh
Tiger, Chital, Barasingha🦌?
44.
Bandhavgarh National Park
Madhya Pradesh
Tiger, Leopard, Nilgai, Bear

44.

Pachmarhi National Park

Madhya Pradesh
Tiger, Chital, Sambhar, Wild buffalo πŸƒ, Tibbati Donkey
45.
Dachigam National Park
Jammu Kashmir
Black Bear, Red Panda 🐼 Ingul, Leopard 
46.
Kishtwar National Park
Jammu Kashmir
Blackbuck, Yak 🐏
47.
Periyar National Park
Kerala
Elephant 🐘, Leopard, Deer

48.

Parambikulam National Park

Kerala
Elephant, Deer, Pig πŸ– Sambhar,


49.

Great Himalayan National Park 🌟

Himachal Pradesh
Brown Bear, Musk Deer, Bharal, Monal, Koklass, Birds🐦

50.

Hemis National Park

Jammu Kashmir
Ladakhi Urial, Red Fox, 🦊 Tibaten Wolf, Uresian Bear
51.
Keoladeo National Park 🌟
Rajasthan
Feral cattle, Chital Deer
52.
Kanchenjunga National Park 🌟
Sikkim
Musk Deer, Snow Leopard, Red Panda 🐼
53.
Nanda Devi National Park 🌟

Uttrakhand
Black bear, Snow Leopard, Blue sheep
54 
Rani Jhansi Marine National Park
Andaman and Nicobar
Crocodile, Dugongs, Corals

55.

Silent Valley National Park

Kerala
Elephant, Wild boar, Panther, gaur, Indian Civer


Note:- 
  • The all-star mark is showing the  National park also included in the UNESCO world heritage site.
  • Keibul Lamjao National park (Manipur) is the only floating park in India.
  • Hemis National Park is the largest National park in India.
  • Hemis is one of the highest altitude National Park of India, which is situated in Ladakh.
  • Kaziranga National Park is famous for One-horned Rhinoceros.

Top 5 National Park in India


Jim Corbett National Park

Corbett Park is the first National park of India, which was established in 1936 in the Nainital district of Uttarakhand. Its oldest name is Hailey National Park
This National Park spread over 1318 square kilometers in Nainital and Pauri District.
More than 500 Species and Migrant birds are living in this park. Mostly founded species are Tigers, Elephants, Deers, Brown Bears, Chital, Leopard, etc.
National Parks in India
National Parks in India


Kaziranga National Park

Kaziranga National Park is situated in Golaghat and Nagaon District of Assam. Kaziranga established in 1908 as a park only, after Assam National Park Act 1968, it converted into National Park. 
Kaziranga National Park spread over 430 square kilometers between Golaghat and Nagaon districts.
This National Park included in the UNESCO World Heritage site in 1985.
In this parking lot of species are found. But one-horned Rhinoceros is most important. Apart from this other animals like Wild boar, water buffalo, Hog, Gaur, Sambhar, Indian muntjac, etc are found here. 
National Parks in India
National Parks in India


Sundarbans National Park

Sundarban National Park is situated in 24 Pargana District of  West Bengal
Sundarbans delta declared as a Tiger Reserve in 1973, as a Wildlife Sanctuary in 1977, and declared as a National Park in 1984
Sundarban National Park is also included in the UNESCO World Heritage site in  1987 and the Ramsar wetland site in 2019.
This National Park spread over 1330 square kilometers on the delta areas. The mangrove forest is mostly found in this region.
Royal Bengal tigers are mostly found here. Apart from this other species like Flying fox, Saltwater Crocodile, Deer and so many Varieties of Bird are found them.
National Parks in India
National Parks in India

Ranthambore National Park

Ranthambore is especially known as Tiger Reserve, but it's declared as a National Park in 1980.
Ranthambore National Park is situated in Sawai Madhopur District of Rajasthan.
The total acquired area of the National Park is 282 square kilometers.
 The main species found here are Royal Bengal Tigers, Indian Leopard, Hyena, Wild Boar, Nilgai, Sambhar, Sloth Bear, Deer, etc.
National Parks in India
National Parks in India


Kanha National Park

Kanha National Park is also known as a Kanha-Kisli National Park. It is the largest park of Madhya Pradesh, situated in Mandla and Balaghat District. 
Kanha was established in 1933 as a wildlife sanctuary, In 1955 it's declared as a National Park and It is also listed in 1974 as a Tiger Reserve.
Kanha National Park is spread over 940 square kilometers between Mandla and Balaghat district of MP.
The National Park has a significant population of the Royal Bengal Tigers, Barasingha, Leopard, Wild Dogs, Chital, etc.
National Parks in India
National Parks in India

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