Recently in October, the Nobel prize 2022 winners list announced the greatest contribution to the excellence of human life in six separate sectors Physics, Chemistry, Physiology, Peace, Literature and Economic Science. A total of 12 persons and 2 Institutions have won the Nobel prize 2022.

The Nobel prize is one of the most prestigious awards for intellectual achievement in the world which is given in memory of Alfred Barnard Noble. 


According to Nobel's will 1995, This award goes to those individuals or institutions who have made a very significant contribution to the excellence of human life.


nobel-prize-winners-list
The Nobel prize 

The Nobel prize was mostly given in separate five fields Physics, Chemistry, Physiology (Medicine), Literature and Peace till 1968 But a Swedish bank started the Sveriges Riksbank prize in Economic Science and was given the award firstly in 1969. It's technically not a Nobel laureate but due to being given in Alfred Nobel's memory and also provided in the Nobel prize ceremony, it is known as the Nobel award.


Nobel Prize 2022 Winners List


S.

No.

Field 

Winners 

Contributions 






1.






Peace

Ales Bialiatski (Belarus),


the Russian human rights organisation Memorial, and


The Ukrainian human rights organisation Center for Civil Liberties.


For documenting war crimes, human rights abuse and the abuse of power. Together they demonstrate the significance of civil society for peace and democracy.




2.




Physics 

Alain Aspect (France),


John Clauser (America), and


Anton Zeilinger (Australia)


For the experiment with entangled photons. It has laid the foundation for a new era of quantum technology.




3.




Chemistry 

Barry Sharpless (America),


Morten Meldal(Denmark),


and Carolyn Bertozzi (America)

Laid the foundation of click chemistry and bioorthogonal reactions. These reactions are now contributing to more targeted cancer treatments, among many other applications.


4.


Physiology (Medicine)


Professor Svante Paabo (Sweden)

For the discoveries concerning the genomes of extinct hominids and human evolution.







5.







Literature








Annie Ernaux (French author)

For the courage and clinical acumen with which she uncovers the roots, estrangements restraints of personal memory. In her writing, Ernaux consistently and from different angles, examines a life marked by strong disparities regarding gender, language and class.




6.




Economic Science

Ben Bernanke (America), 


Douglas Diamond (America), and 


Philip Dybvig (America),

For the role of banks in the economy especially during the financial crises. An important finding in their research is why avoiding bank collapse is vital.



Nobel Prize 2021 Winners List



S. No.

Fields 

Winners 

Contributions


1.


Peace

Maria Ressa and Dmitry Muratov

Attempt to guard freedom of 

expression



2.



Physics 

Syukuro Manabe, Klaus Hasselmann and Giorgio Parisi

Understanding of Earth’s climate change & other complex physical systems


3.


Chemistry 

Benjamin List and David MacMillan

Development of asymmetric organocatalysis


4.


Physiology (Medicine)

David Julius and Ardem Patapoutian

Finding receptors in the skin that sense heath & touch




5.




Literature




Abdulrazak Gurnah

Covering the life of refugees and the effect of imperialism and its legacies on the lives of those who have been displaced



6.


Economic Science

David Card, Joshua Angrist and Guido Imbens

Completely reshaped empirical work in the economic sciences

relates questions and answers


Nobel Prize-Related Important Facts 


The Nobel prize is most important for competitive exams. There are so many questions arising from this topic. So you should have known some important facts about the Nobel prize.

  • The Nobel prize was started in 1901 and first time two people Henry Dunant and Frederi Passy were awarded for peace.
  • The Nobel prize is given annually on the 10th of December (the death anniversary of Alfred Nobel) but the winner's name is announced at the beginning of October.
  • Nobel prizes of Physics, Chemistry, Literature and Economics are awarded by Royal Swedish Academy of science. 
  • The Nobel prize of Physiology is awarded by the Nobel Assembly at Karolinska Institute, Stockholm (Sweden)
  • The Nobel prize of peace is awarded by a committee of five members who are chosen by the Norwegian Storting (parliament of Norway).
  •  Maximum 3 people or institutions can get the prize in a particular field.
  • Winner gets three things as the Nobel prize - 1). A Nobel diploma 2). A gold Medal and 3). 10 million Swedish Crown per prize.
  • Only those people who are alive are nominated for the Nobel prize. However, if a person dies after being nominated, he is still a contender for the award. 
  • Madam Query got two times nobel prize in different fields 190e (Physics) and 1911 (Chemistry)
  • The International committee of Red Cross has been awarded the Nobel prize of Peace in three times (in 1917, 1944, 1963).
  • A Pakistani girl Malala Yousafzai is the youngest winner of the Nobel prize in 2014. She got a prize with Kailash Satyarthi for Peace.

Nobel Prize Winners In India


The total number of 9 Indians won the Nobel prize in different fields between 1901 to 2022. In which all of the 9 winners 6 were Indian and 3 were of Indian residency. In the given table below we are sharing all details of Nobel prize winners in India.


S.

No.

Winners Name

Year

Field 

Contribution

1.

Ravindra Nath Tagore 

1913

Literature 

For his book "Gitanjali"



2.



C.V. Raman 



1930



Physics 

The study on the speed of light and the motion related to their scattering. Known as Raman effect 


3.


Hargobind Khurana 


1968


Physiology / Medicine 

Discover the Genetic code that carries genetic traits from one generation to another.


4.


Mother Teresa 


1979


Peace

Work for poverty in 123 Countries also in India 


5.


Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar 


1983


Physics 

Discover the structures of stars and their development 

6.

Amartya Sen 

1998

Economics 

Welfare Economics 


5.


Kailash Satyarthi


2014


Peace

Work for Children's education rights and their development 


8.


Venki Ramakrishnan


2009


Chemistry 

For research on the structure and functions of the ribosomes.


9.


Abhijeet Banarjee


2019


Economics 

for their experimental approach to alleviating global poverty


Note:- There were 4 winners of the Nobel prize- 

1). B. S. Noypol (2001 Literature),

2). Ranald Ross (1902 Physiology / Medicine),

3). Rudyard Kipling (1907 Literature), and 

4). 14th Dalai Lama (1989 Peace), are by mistake known as Indian, but they were of Indian ancestry.


His grandfather's relation with India was during British India, all are not born in India and they have not citizenship of India. 


Nobel Prize Of India 


No one prize is parallel to the Nobel prize in the world but some prizes which are provided in similar fields by any continent and country, we can say that it's little Nobel prize of that country like the Ramon Magsaysay award is called the Nobel prize of Asia. Similarly, Bharat Ratna (highest civilian award of India) is also called the Nobel Prize of India.

Nobel Prize Related Important FAQs 


Q.1. Who won the Nobel prize 2022 in peace?


Ans. One person Ales Bialiatski (Belarus) and two organisations - the Russian human rights organisation Memorial, and the Ukrainian human rights organisation Center for Civil Liberties together won the Nobel peace prize 2022.


Q.2. Who won the Nobel prize 2022 in Literature?


Ans. A French author Annie Ernaux is winner of the Nobel prize 2022 for Literature.


Q.3. Who was the youngest winner of the Nobel prize?


Ans. A 17-year old Pakistani girl Malala Yousafzai is the youngest winner of the Nobel prize in 2014 for Peace.


Q.4. Who got the first Nobel prize in India?


Ans. In 1913 Ravindra Nath Tagore was the first Indian who won the Nobel prize for Literature. 


Q. 5. Who won the first Nobel prize in the world?


Ans. Two people Henry Dunant (Switzerland) and Frederic Passy (France) won the first Nobel prize in 1901 for Peace.

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