You spend hours memorizing articles of Indian constitution, yet little to no related questions get in exams.

But your friend spends fewer hours memorizing articles and they solve more questions.

Why is that?

Because they use something different to memorize articles in the Indian constitution that helps him to solve easily in examinations. 

How to remember articles of Indian Constitution?

If you want to do more questions from articles of the Indian Constitution, you should have to follow these two steps:

  • Read all 22 parts of the constitution and keep in mind which articles are included in which parts of the constitution, such as part - 2 is related to citizenship in which articles 5 to 11 have been included.

  • If you read some selected articles, your less work gets more value. For this, you would have to remember some articles which are given below. You can also download a pdf by the below links.

Important Articles of the Indian Constitution
Important Articles of the Indian Constitution

Basic Information about the articles of the Indian Constitution 

The Constitution of India is the largest written constitution in the world which came into force on 26th January 1950 in India. The Constitution of India contains 22 parts in which 395 articles are included.

Some additional articles (like - 21a, 39a, 51a) into the different parts are inserted later through the various amendments, but 200 plus articles in the Indian constitution have been directly taken from the Government of India Act 1935.

Apart from this, 12 schedules are also included in the  Constitution of India. And the Preamble is abstract of the Indian Constitution which is known as the key of the constitution. 

Important articles of Indian constitution which are frequently asked in exams

Article - 3: The Parliament has the powers to form new states, change names, and alter the boundaries of existing states.

Article - 8: Right to citizenship of Indian origin migrants outside of India.

Article - 14: Under this article, the constitution provides a fundamental right of equality before the law.

Article - 17: Under this article provision has been made to Abolition of Untouchability.

Article - 19: It provides the six types of freedom right for peoples: 

19a). Freedom of speech,  expression and press.

19b). Assemble peacefully and without arms.

19c). Formation of associations or unions.

19d). Walk freely throughout the territory of India.

19e). Reside and settle in any part of the territory of India.

19g). Practice any profession, or to carry on any occupation, business or trade.

Note: Article 19f was the right to property, but it was removed after the 44th amendments 1978.

Article - 21a: It was created by 86th Amendment Act, 2002. Under this article included the right to education for the age group of 6 to 14 years children.

Article - 24: In this article prohibited the employment of children (Under 14) in factories and other dinosaur places.

Article - 26: Freedom to manage religious affairs in anywhere the territory of India.

Article - 28: Freedom as to attendance at religious instruction or religious worship in certain educational organizations or institutions.

Article - 32: Remedies of constitutional rights means remedies for enforcement of rights conferred by this article.

Article - 38: State to secure a social order for the promotion of the welfare of the people.

Article - 39a: Provisions for Equal justice and free legal support, equal pay for equal work is also included in this article.

Article - 40: Organization of village panchayats.

Article - 48a: Protection and development/improvement of environment and safeguarding of wildlife and forests.

Article - 50: Separation of judiciary from the executive.

Article - 51a: Fundamental duties for citizens.

Article - 52: Describes the post of the president of India.

Article - 61: Procedure for impeachment of the president of India.

Article - 63: Describe the post of the Vice-president of India.

Article - 64: The Vice-president of India to be ex-officio chairman of the Council of States.

Article - 71: Mentioned subject to the president or vice-president elections.

Article - 72: Power of President to grant clemency/pardons and to postpone/suspend, remit or commute sentences in certain cases.

Article - 74: Council of Ministers to help and advise the President.

Article - 108: Joint sitting of both Houses of the parliament in certain cases.

Article - 110: Definitions of 'Money Bills'.

Article - 112: Annual financial statements (Budget).

Article - 123: Power of President to promulgate ordinance during the recess of Parliament.

Article - 124: Defined establishment and Constitution of the Supreme Court.

Article - 132: Appellate jurisdiction of the Supreme Court in appeals from the High Court.

Article - 143: Power of the president to consult the Supreme Court.

Article - 148:  Describe the Comptroller and Auditor-general of India.

Article - 154: This article describes the powers of the executive of the state.

Article - 161: Power of the Vice-president to grant pardons and to suspend, remit or commute sentences in certain cases.

Article - 169: Formation of the Legislative Council into the states.

Article - 198: Special procedure related to the Money Bills.

Article - 199: Definition of the Money Bill.

Article - 214: Formation of the High Court into the states.

Article - 239: Administration of the Union territories of India.

Article - 243: It has provisions for the Panchayat and Municipal. Under this article 34 additional articles, 243a to 243zg included, in which 243a to 243o describes the Panchayats in Villages while 243p onwards describes Municipal in Towns. 

Article - 244: Administration for the schedule and tribes regions.

Article - 245: expansion of rules made by the parliament and the States assembly.

Article - 250: The parliament has the right to make rules on the subject of the State List during the emergency period.

Article - 263: Provisions related to Inter-state Council. According to the constitution, the President of India can establish an Inter-state Council for the objectives of public interest.

Article - 280: The article describes the formation of a Financial Commission.

Article - 312: Describe All-India Services.

Article - 315: Describe Public Service Commissions for the Union and the States.

Article - 326: Elections to the House of the People and the Legislative assembly of States to be based on adult voting.

Article - 329: Bar to interference by Courts in electoral matters.

Article - 331: Participating or representations of Anglo-Indian in Lok Sabha.

Article - 332: Reservations for the scheduled caste and tribes in the State Assembly.

Article - 333: Representations of Anglo-Indian in the States Assembly.

Article - 338: National Council for the scheduled castes.

Article - 338a: National Council for the scheduled Tribes.

Article - 342: Definition and list of Scheduled Tribes.

Article - 343: The Official Language of the Union is Hindi in Devanagari script.

Article - 350a: Facilities for Mother language in primary stages.

Article - 351: Special directions for the development of the Hindi language.

Article - 352: On the basis of War, external aggression, armed rebellion or situations of inner disturbance, the president can declare an emergency. 

Article - 356: In the situation of the failed constitutional systems in the States of India, the president can declare an emergency in the state which is known as the President's Rule.

Article - 360: In the situations of the financial crises in India or any regions, the president can announce a Financial emergency according to article 360.

Article - 368: Power of the Parliament to amend the constitution and its procedure.

Article - 370: Special provision for the Jammu and Kashmir state of India.

Article - 371: Special provision for the Maharashtra and Gujarat states of India.

Important Articles of the Indian Constitution PDF DOWNLOAD

All the above-provided articles of Indian constitution have been more important for the exam perspectives, if you keep in mind all these articles, It could be helpful for you to solve more objective questions related to the constitution of India. But apart from this, you should have basic knowledge about the constitution of India such as the history of the constitution, sources of constitution, features, Preamble, etc.

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